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Generally under the Copyright Act, the first copyright owner is the creator of the work, and in the case of a sound recording, film, broadcast or published edition, the person who makes that copyright material.
Those involved in the creation of, or investment in, copyright material can reach agreement about who will own the copyright. Copyright owners can assign in writing their copyright to someone else.
Copyright can be owned by legal entities that are not individuals (eg a company) and copyright ownership can be shared among a number of people.
The purchase and ownership of a physical item (eg a book), does not give any rights in the copyright material embodied in that item (eg the literary works contained in the book).
at the specific request or direction of the University; or
as part of a project or program supported by funding obtained or provided by the University
This includes, for example, teaching materials. Works that are considered to be both teaching materials and scholarly works, or teaching materials and creative works, are treated as teaching materials under the Intellectual Property Policy.
Generally, staff who are the originator of scholarly works or creative works will own all intellectual property rights in them, but the University will generally own the intellectual property if the works originated at the specific request or direction of the University. Where the originator owns the intellectual property under the policy, the University has a licence to use such works and to sub-license other parties to do so.
Students own the copyright in their theses and scholarly works in the absence of any specific agreement to the contrary. However, the University will own intellectual property created by students in certain circumstances (eg if the intellectual property is created using University background intellectual property).